Biblical Distinctions Between the Father and the Son
Yahushua never claimed to be the Almighty Elohim. Everything He said about Himself indicates He did not consider Himself equal to Elohim in any way . . . not in power, authority, knowledge, or age.
In every period of His existence, whether in heaven or on earth, His words and conduct reflect subordination to Elohim. Yahuwah is the senior, or Father. Yahushua is the junior, or Son. Elohim is always the superior. Yahushua is the lesser one who was begotten by Yahuwah the Father (Col. 1:15; Rev. 3:14).
Yahushua distinguished from Elohim, the Father
1. Yahushua and the Father are Two Entities
Yahushua speaks about the testimony of two persons. “It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true. I am one bear witness of Myself, AND the Father that sent Me bears witness of Me” (John 8:17-18). That is the testimony of TWO! Yahushua is one witness. The Father is the other witness. They are two separate entities.
2. Yahushua prayed to His Father in Heaven
Yahushua did not pray to Himself. He prayed to His Heavenly Father, Who was in heaven above. “These words spoke Yahushua, and lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify Thy Son, that Thy Son also may glorify Thee” (John 17:1). In praying, Yahushua acknowledged His Father to be “the only true Elohim” (John 17:3). In teaching His disciples how to pray, Yahushua told them to pray “Our Father which art in heaven” (Matt. 6:9).
3. Yahushua had to go back to Heaven to be with His Father and His Elohim
Yahushua said to Mary, “Touch Me not; for I am not yet ascended to My Father: but go to My brethren and say unto them, I ascend unto My Father, and your Father; and to My Elohim, and your Elohim” (John 20:17). Since Yahushua had an Elohim and Father over Him, and since He had to ascend to heaven to be with His Elohim and Father . . . therefore, Yahushua could not be Elohim. They are two distinct Entities. While Yahushua was on earth . . . His Elohim and Father was in heaven. Seven times in the Gospel of Matthew, Yahushua speaks about “MY FATHER WHICH IS IN HEAVEN” (Matt. 7:21; 10:32, 33; 12:50; 16:17; 18:10, 19). Surely these Scriptures show Yahushua and His Father in heaven are TWO separate entities.
4. Yahushua Sits at the Right Hand of Elohim
Yahushua today since His ascension back to heaven sits at the right hand of Elohim. “Who being the brightness of His glory, and the express image of His [Elohim's] person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty [Elohim] on high” (Heb. 1:3). Yahushua sitting at Elohim’s right hand indicates there are TWO entities in heaven . . . Elohim and His Son who sits at His right hand. An interesting Scripture is found in Psalm 110:1: “Yahuwah said unto my Lord [David’s Lord . . . Yahushua], Sit Thou at My right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.” TWO separate Entities are seen in this verse. Yahuwah invites the other Lord (which in the KJV is in lower case letters indicating it is not talking about Yahuwah, which is always in upper case letters when it was translated in the KJV) to sit at His right hand. Peter quotes this verse on the day of Pentecost and applies it to Yahushua being exalted to the Father’s right hand (Acts 2:33-35).
In Acts chapter seven, we have the account of the death of Stephen . . . the first Christian martyr. As Stephen was dying, he looked up to heaven “and saw the glory of Elohim, and Yahushua standing on the right hand of Elohim. And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man [Yahushua] standing on the right hand of Elohim” (Acts 7:55-56). Stephen, in his vision, saw TWO Entities in heaven . . . Elohim and His Son standing at His right hand.
Again in Revelation chapter five, we see TWO Entities in heaven. Elohim the Father is seen sitting upon His throne. Then One likened to a Lamb (Yahushua Messiah . . . Elohim’s Son) approaches the throne and takes the seven-sealed book (or scroll) from the right hand of Him Who sits upon the throne (Rev. 5:1-7). Here again, we see TWO Entities in heaven . . . Yahuwah Elohim, the Father, and Yahushua Messiah, His Son. See also Daniel 7:13, where these same two Entities are seen.
5. Yahushua Said No One Is Good but Elohim
In Mark 10:18, “Yahushua said unto him, Why callest thou Me good? There is none good but One, that is, Elohim." Elohim is good in a way that separates Him even from Yahushua, His Son. Yahushua could have sinned and become disloyal to Yahuwah. But Yahuwah can never sin . . . it is an impossibility with Him. Yahushua was tempted by the devil, but Elohim cannot be tempted (Jam. 1:13); therefore, Yahuwah Elohim and Yahushua are TWO separate Entities.
6. Yahushua Came To Do His Father’s Will
Yahushua said, “For I came down from heaven, not to do Mine Own will, but the will of Him that sent Me” (John 6:38). TWO wills are mentioned here because Yahushua and the Father are TWO separate Entities. Notice Yahushua was sent by the Father, and the sender is always superior to the one sent. Also, Yahushua said, “The Son can do nothing of Himself” (John 5:19). The Son was totally dependent upon the Father for His power, His authority . . . and even His very existence. Yahuwah's name means THE Eternal, Self-existent ONE! Yahushua further stated: “My doctrine [or teaching] is not Mine, but His that sent Me” (John 7:16). How could He then be equal to the Father? Yahushua was Elohim’s obedient Son . . . not Elohim’s equal. See Isaiah 42:1; Matthew 12:18.
7. Elohim Speaks From Heaven At Messiah’s Baptism
When Yahushua was baptized, the Father spoke from heaven saying: “This is My beloved Son, in Whom I am well pleased” (Matt. 3:17). Was Elohim saying He was His own Son? . . . that He approved of Himself? Certainly not! Elohim, the Supreme Being, was saying that He, as the superior, approved of His Son, the lesser One. TWO separate Entities are plainly in view here. Elohim, the Father, speaks from heaven. Yahushua Messiah, His Son, was on the earth being baptized by John. The Spirit of Elohim, which is the invisible life-force of the Father . . . took the visible form of a dove . . . so John could tell the people witnessing the event that Yahushua was being anointed with the Holy Spirit of Yahuwah. See John 1:31-34 and Isaiah 63:10, 11, and 14.
8. Yahushua Was Anointed By A Greater One
Yahushua was anointed by One greater than Himself. “But unto the Son, He [Yahuwah] saith, Thy throne, O God, [Yahuwah here calls His Son a God (a Mighty One)] is for ever and ever: a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Thy kingdom. Thou [Yahushua] hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore Elohim [Yahuwah], even Thy Elohim [the Son’s Elohim] hath anointed Thee with the oil of gladness above Thy fellows” (Heb. 1:8-9). There are TWO Entities described in these verses . . . both are called God . . . but one is greater than the other. “The less is blessed of the better [or ‘greater’ . . . Amplified Bible]” (Heb. 7:7). Anointing is the giving of power and authority by a superior to someone who does not already have it. Elohim is plainly the superior, for He anointed Yahushua, giving Him the power and authority He did not previously have. See Luke 4:18; John 3:34; Acts 10:38.
9. Yahushua Was Given All Power After His Resurrection
After Messiah arose from the dead, He stated: “All power is given unto Me in heaven and in earth” (Matt. 28:18). Who gave Him this power and authority? How could He then be equal to the One who gave Him this power? Again, we see TWO Entities. A greater One bestows power and authority on a lesser One.
10. Elohim is Superior to Yahushua in Several Ways
a. Yahushua Could Not Grant Positions In The Coming Kingdom
The mother of James and John came to the Master requesting that her sons might sit on either side of Him in His Kingdom (Matt. 20:20-21). Yahushua said to her, “To sit on My right hand, and on My left, is not Mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared by My Father” (Matt. 20:23). Had Yahushua been Almighty Elohim or even His equal then these positions would have been His to give. But Yahushua could not give them, for they are the Father’s to give, and Yahushua is not the Father.
b. Yahushua Died, But Elohim Cannot Die
Elohim the Father is immortal . . . a deathless being. See 1 Timothy 1:17 and 1 Timothy 6:16. Immortality means “exemption from every kind of death” . . . Amplified Bible on 1 Timothy 6:16. Yahushua “poured out His soul unto death" (Isa. 53:12). So Elohim, the Father, and Yahushua are TWO distinct Entities . . . one is incapable of dying . . . the other . . . could and did die as man’s atoning sacrifice.
c. Yahushua Has Limited Knowledge
Yahushua said concerning His second Advent. "But of that day and that hour knows no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father” (Mark 13:32). Matthew says: “My Father only” (Matt. 24:36). If Yahushua is equal with the Father, He would know the time of His return. If He is equal, He would know what the Father knows. The revelation given to John in the book of Revelation was given to Yahushua by Elohim. “The Revelation of Yahushua Messiah, which Elohim gave unto Him, to show unto His servants things which must shortly come to pass” (Rev. 1:1). So even after His resurrection and ascension, Yahushua did not know everything. There were things His superior (Yahuwah) had to reveal to Him. Only Elohim has FOREKNOWLEDGE. "Him [Yahushua] being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of Elohim" (Acts 2:23). "Elect according to the foreknowledge of Elohim the Father" (1 Pet. 1:2).
d. Yahushua is not Eternal
"For Elohim so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son" (John 3:16). If Yahushua was begotten, it indicates He has a beginning and therefore is not eternal. Elohim's name, Yahuwah, means “the eternal, self-existent One.” Only the Father is eternal. "Now unto the King ETERNAL, immortal, invisible, the only wise Elohim, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen” (1 Tim. 1:17).
e. In The Eternal Ages To Come, Yahushua Will Always Recognize The Father As His Superior
“Then comes the end [at the close of the seventh Millennium], when He shall have delivered up the kingdom to Elohim, even the Father; when He shall have put down all rule and all authority and power. For He [Yahushua] must reign, till He hath put all enemies under His feet. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. For He [Yahuwah] hath put all things under His [Yahushua’s] feet. But when He [Yahuwah] saith all things are put under Him [Yahushua], it is manifest that He [Yahuwah] is excepted, which did put all things under Him [Yahushua]. And when all things shall be subdued unto Him [Yahushua], then shall the Son also Himself be subject unto Him [Yahuwah] that put all things under Him [Yahushua], that Yahuwah may be all in all [the Supreme Ruler throughout all eternity over the entire Universe]" (1 Cor. 15:24-28).
TWO Entities are clearly seen in these verses. Yahushua will reign as King for a thousand years (Rev. 20:1-6), and then He turns the scepter of authority back into the hands of the Father. Yahushua will step down as King, and the kingdom will go back under the supreme rulership of the Father. How clear and plain these Scriptures are! Yahushua has always been subordinate to His Heavenly Father and will remain so throughout all eternity.
It was Lucifer who did not want to remain subject to the Father’s rulership and coveted His position. “For thou [Lucifer] hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of Elohim: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High” (Isa. 14:13-14). Even though all of Elohim’s created Beings are given intelligence and free will, Elohim is still the One in authority as the King of the Universe!
“I give thee charge in the sight of Elohim, who quickens all things, and before Messiah Yahushua, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession; that thou keep this commandment without spot, unrebukeable, until the appearing of our Master Yahushua Messiah: Which in His times He shall show, Who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords; Who only hath immortality [the Father], dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto [the Father]; whom no man hath seen [the Father], nor can see: to Whom be honor and power everlasting. Amen” (1 Tim. 6:13-16).
Even though Yahushua is identified as the “Lord of lords, and King of kings” in Revelation chapter nineteen, we see in 1 Corinthians 15:24-28 Yahushua turns back the scepter to His Father at the conclusion of all the enemies of Yahuwah having been defeated.